"Liberating education consists in acts of cognition, not transferrals of information." -Paulo Friere

Tuesday, October 5, 2010

The Multitudinous Seas


Here is where I'd like you to link to something on the internet that quotes or alludes to a line in Macbeth. With the link, write a short paragraph describing the text (song, article, video, etc) and how it uses the quote. What new purpose are the words put to? Then, please read 1 or 2 other links, and comment on them. I can't wait to see what you come up with!


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  2. First, I have to say, I loved the allusions I saw when doing this search. I hope other people will share the other ones I saw. But to share my favorite, let's welcome the Hogwarts Choir! (Sorry, Harry Potter fan here.)

    partial: http://www.traileraddict.com/trailer/harry-potter-prisoner-azkaban/choir-practice
    entire song: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMzrgXFeX_o

    So, this is the Hogwarts Choir that appears in many of the HP movie adaptations. In the 3rd movie, Prisoner of Azkaban, the choir sings this song, "Double Trouble", to welcome the students back to Hogwarts. (A line of the lyrics, "something wicked this way comes" was also on the promotion poster: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/8c/Harry_Potter_and_the_Prisoner_of_Azkaban_poster.png) The lyrics all come directly from Macbeth Act 4, Scene 1, when the witches are preparing a charm while singing and dancing around a cauldron. As Hogwarts is a school of magic, alluding to a witch's song is in order. To quickly recap the plot of the 3rd movie, alleged mass murderer Sirius Black has escaped from Azkaban. In Macbeth, one of the witches say "something wicked this way comes" when Macbeth approaches them. The wicked thing is of course Macbeth, as he a traitor of his country. In HP3, Black also supposedly betrayed his best friend James Potter. The Dark Lord goes to wipe the Potters off the face of the earth, as Harry is prophesied to be the one to defeat the Dark Lord (just as how Macbeth wants to go after Fleance in order to secure his throne). But as the story goes, we realized the traitor is another one of Potter's friends.
    Anyhow, during Harry's 3rd year at school, the choir warns a wicked traitor will reappear.

    Random aside: I love how the singers hold large toads!

  3. http://www.usask.ca/english/faulkner/

    I came across the novel by William Faulkner called "The Sound and the Fury." This greatly intrigued me because Faulkner is a Nobel Prize in Literature winner so his allusion to Macbeth must be very significant. The title of the novel is from Macbeth's soliloquy in Act 5, Scene 5:

    "Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow,
    Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
    To the last syllable of recorded time,
    And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
    The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
    Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
    That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
    And then is heard no more: it is a tale
    Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
    Signifying nothing."

    This book is narrated by members of the Compson , former Southern aristocrats from the early 1900s. A few of the members are people who suffer from mental disabilities or are slowly losing their sanity because of the dissolution of their family's rep and wealth. This is why Faulkner uses the quote "The Sound and Fury" as the title of the book, because it is told through the eyes of someone who is suffering from emotional disturbances. In the real thing, Macbeth gives this soliloquy after his wife dies. He goes slightly insane and says how life is nothing more than an illusion, a story told by an idiot who is crazy and knows nothing. Faulkner gives new meaning to the words "the sound and fury, signifying nothing" by implying that nothing in life - especially wealth and affluence (through the Compson family) - is of any importance, since we are all people with insane emotional disturbances but no other meaning.

  4. The allusion Joyce presents in Harry Potter 3 is interesting in that we've all seen and read the wildly successful Harry Potter series, so the allusion becomes more engaging. It seems like the theme of deceit and trickery is prevalent in all aspects of human culture, from an extremely popular play with an immensely important legacy to a book series that has come to dominate modern culture. It is also important that we study the plays by Shakespeare and other classics because their themes and plots are alluded to so frequently that without studying and reading them, we would be missing out on much knowledge. I didn't realize that the Double Trouble song in HP3 was alluding to Macbeth before! :]

  5. So there's this movie/play titled "Hurlyburly."


    The term hurlyburly, pretty much meaning chaos, comes from Act I Scene 1 of Macbeth. The movie/play is mostly about drama among casting directors and actors Eddie, Mickey, Arty and Phil. They are all drug-addicts, some with too much money and power. Several scenes in this film are related to scenes in Macbeth. Eddie and Mickey, who are roommates and coworkers make a good team. However, Mickey's in a relationship with Darlene; someone that Eddie has his sights set on. Eddie grows jealous of Mickey's relationship.

    A year passes. Eddie is now in a relationship with Darlene, and is content. He has become abstinent and stays away from drugs. However, he longs for his old days hanging out with his buddies.

    In Macbeth, the witches use the term "hurlyburly" to set the mood of the play, foreshadowing the chaos that is about to ensue.

    Also, here are some other Macbeth-related links that some people might find funny/entertaining:



    The first is a segment from a performance by the legendary Reduced Shakespeare Company. They perform an abridged version of most of the plays and are absolutely hilarious. If you have time, you should watch the whole thing :D

    The second is from a webcomic, and the ones that I posted are about Macbeth. There's some innappropriate language in some of them though.

  6. I think the song Joyce posted is really interesting mainly because of the reasons Fiona already pointed out. Harry Potter is extremely successful (I don't think I need to elaborate on that), and the lyrics are all from Macbeth (I think). Yet it fits so well.

  7. I also forgot to mention that Ian McKellen is in the Harry Potter movies as Dumbledore. I'd say that Ian McKellen is best known for his parts in Shakespeare plays.

  8. Haha Wilb, I think you mean Michael Gambon! Ian McKellen's Gandalf. But yes, both have been involved in Shakespeare plays.

    To Fiona's: I'm glad I read Macbeth before The Sound and Fury, because if I ever get to it, I'll be completely aware of its Macbeth origins. But until then, I guess I can't really comment on it! Other than, another great work inspired by Shakespeare!

    To Wilbur's: Hurlyburly seems like an appropriate title for this interweaving, confusing film of Hollywood people's lives. Wonder how it went as a play.
    HAHAHAHAH to the RSC Macbeth!

  9. oh yeah my bad, I always thought it was Ian McKellen that took over the role :P

  10. Hi guys =)


    I found an informative article online about OCD, or obsessive-compulsive disorder. The writer quotes Lady Macbeth in the title: "Out, Damned Spot! Out, I Say!" He also includes a quote from a Gentlewoman to the Doctor in Act V, Scene 1, "It is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus washing her hands: I have known her continues with this a quarter of an hour." before his article.

    The writer, who interestingly is a doctor himself, discusses the characterisitcs and symptoms of OCD. As an example, he mentions people who think their hands are always dirty and spend up to hours washing them daily, like Lady Macbeth. I don't think this refernce holds much significance beyond the comparison it draws. While Lady Macbeth's erratic behavior is caused by her guilt for taking part in Duncan's murder, people with OCD do not necessarily have a reason behind acting the way they do. So here, the comparison falls a little short. The author primarily focuses on discussing procedures that are now used to combat OCD, none of which have to do with Lady Macbeth. His reference was drawn probably just because it fit, it might help people who have read Macbeth understand OCD better, or he felt like mentioning it. Nevertheless, it shows how Macbeth and Shakespearean plays in general are so deeply entrenched in American culture today, even outside of the field of literature.

    Thanks to Joyce and Wilbur for bringing up the Harry Potter Double Trouble song, and pointing out that the actor who plays Dumbledore is also known for his role in Shakespearean plays. Never noticed before--so neat!
    As for Joyce's observation that the singers are holding toads, that in itself is an allusion (was it intentional?) to the witchcraft and the role of animals in Macbeth as well. The three witches all have their own animals, or "familiar spirits," one of which is a toad (Paddock).

  11. Hi all :)

    I found an allusion to Macbeth in Robert Frost's poem, "Out, Out."

    The title itself is taken from Act 5, Scene 5, lines 15-28, when Macbeth had just learned of his wife's death.

    "She should have died hereafter ;
    There would have been a time for such a word.
    To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
    Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
    To the last syllable of recorded time ;
    And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
    The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
    Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player,
    That struts and frets his hour upon the stage,
    And then is heard no more. It is a tale
    Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
    Signifying nothing."

    Here, Macbeth speaks of the brevity of life, and how easily it can be snuffed out, like a "brief candle." Macbeth laments that life is meaningless, and that nothing is significant - therefore, nothing matters. All is but "a tale,/Told by an ididot, full of sound and fury,/Signifying nothing." There is a distinctly pessimistic tone in this little soliloquy.

    Similarly, Frost's poem comments on the shortness and brutality of life. The poem talks of a boy from a rural family in New England in 1910, who was put to work by his father and had died of a farmyard accident (the saw chopped off his hand, and he died of overbleeding and of shock). The poem hints at the cruelty of the father for robbing the boy of his childhood by putting him to work (and denying him the 30-minute rest that he deserved, which may have been the cause of the accident), and at the lack of warmth within the family unit and the heartlessness of the parents. No one had expected the boy to die (they did not seem all that worried), but when he did, the shock only lasted for a few moments. "And they, since they/ Were not the one dead, turned to their affairs." The family went back to working immediately after one of their own had died.

    It seems, in Frost's poem, that life is meaningless and insignificant; the family certainly did not treat the life of one of their own as worthy of much but labor. Nothing really matters; life doesn't matter. What matters is work, which the family carried on doing mechanically even after such tragedy had occurred. This is like Macbeth; after the tragic death of his wife, he carried on fighting mechanically to his own demise. The poem has an undeniable pessimistic tone.

    Joyce: Haha I knew I should've expected a Harry Potter reference from you! I love it :) And it is indeed surprising that i would've never known about it if not for this assignment; and I prided myself on having read that book numerous times before. The Macbeth allusion does tie in closely with the plot of Harry Potter - how ingenious of Rowling! I now have a newfound respect for her writing (not that I didn't before; but I did always just treat Harry Potter as pop culture). I wonder what other references to Great Literature exists and permeates the pages of this modern literary success?

  12. Oh goodness. I've forgotten to put Frost's poem up here.


    "Out, Out - Robert Frost

    The buzz-saw snarled and rattled in the yard
    And made dust and dropped stove-length sticks of wood,
    Sweet-scented stuff when the breeze drew across it.
    And from there those that lifted eyes could count
    Five mountain ranges one behind the other
    Under the sunset far into Vermont.
    And the saw snarled and rattled, snarled and rattled,
    As it ran light, or had to bear a load.
    And nothing happened: day was all but done.
    Call it a day, I wish they might have said
    To please the boy by giving him the half hour
    That a boy counts so much when saved from work.
    His sister stood beside them in her apron
    To tell them "Supper." At the word, the saw,
    As if to prove saws knew what supper meant,
    Leaped out at the boy's hand, or seemed to leap—
    He must have given the hand. However it was,
    Neither refused the meeting. But the hand!
    The boy's first outcry was a rueful laugh,
    As he swung toward them holding up the hand
    Half in appeal, but half as if to keep
    The life from spilling. Then the boy saw all—
    Since he was old enough to know, big boy
    Doing a man's work, though a child at heart—
    He saw all spoiled. "Don't let him cut my hand off—
    The doctor, when he comes. Don't let him, sister!"
    So. But the hand was gone already.
    The doctor put him in the dark of ether.
    He lay and puffed his lips out with his breath.
    And then—the watcher at his pulse took fright.
    No one believed. They listened at his heart.
    Little—less—nothing!—and that ended it.
    No more to build on there. And they, since they
    Were not the one dead, turned to their affairs."

  13. Hi
    I found a book by Aldous Huxley called Brief Candles. Brief Candles appears to be an allusion to the line from Act 5 Scene 5.

    Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
    "Out, out, brief candle!...It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
    Signifying nothing." (V,v)

    Brief Candles is a collection of short stories filled with characters who are suffering emotionally and spiritually. These characters who hold aloof ideals cannot face the harsh realities of the world often reveal the follies of this world. Huxley satirizes the modern lifestyle and points out many hypocrisies in the process. The quote is used in Macbeth originally as a pessemistic commentary on the fleeting nature of life. It is used similarly by Huxley as Huxley is trying to talk about certain aspects of life which he finds abominable, rendering lives as brief candles ready to be blown out any minute.

    Joyce's allusion is a pretty good example of Shakespeare's influence in modern literature or even popular culture. I would never have expected to find a Macbeth allusion in Harry Potter. It's used rather appropriately even and not completely twisted as we often find allusion nowadays.

  14. http://www.lyricstime.com/cowboy-junkies-lyrics.html
    There are witches in the hills calling my name
    Saying come join us sister, come kiss the flame
    Come dance in the moonbeams, ride the night wind
    Make love to the darkness and laugh at man's sins

    I shiver with delight, I shiver with fear
    My heart wants to go but my soul's filled with fear
    So I turn to my lover and ask what do I do
    Do I answer their call or stay here with you

    But under spell of deep sleep he moans and turns away
    Taking his protection and my desire to stay
    So I rise to the hill tops, I ride the night winds
    I make love to the darkness and laugh at man's sins

    I found a few Macbeth allusions in the song called Witches from Cowboy Junkies.
    In this song, the singer is describing how a person falls for some sort of temptation. The witches, like the ones from Macbeth, tempt a good person into doing something wrong. For example, the witches in Macbeth spur Macbeth to kill the King so he will live a miserable life, while in this song the witches tempt the narrator to abandon her love and become a witch.
    How do you know she turns into a witch? Well, the third line “ride the night wind” of the song refers to “I’ll give thee a wind.(Scene1.1) of Macbeth, the scene where one of the witches wants to punish a sailor. (She uses this wind to fly there)

    Also, the 2nd part of the song “I shiver with delight…so I turn to my lover and ask what do I do” alludes to how Macbeth turned to his wife for advice when in doubt.
    So why did the song writer include Macbeth allusions? I don’t know, but if I were to guess I would say that the song writer wanted to include the “sorrow” and the grim tragedy of Macbeth in order to evoke deeper emotions within the listeners.

    By the way, I really like Annie’s analysis of Frost’s poem. I totally agree that this piece of work is trying to show that life is “meaningless and insignificant” and “Nothing really matters; life doesn't matter.” Because it really captures the essence of Macbeth’s fate and tragedy of having everything, but nothing at the same time.

  15. http://www.jyi.org/features/ft.php?id=1553

    This article uses the quote "Fair is foul, and foul is fair" from Act 1, Scene 1 of Macbeth as the title.
    The article is about smog produced by coal and the need for Europe and the world to turn to more environmental methods of obtaining energy. There is the possibility of "clean coal" but in the eyes of the author, "clean coal" is just as paradoxical as “Fair is foul, and foul is fair.” For this reason, the author finds it suitable to use this quote from Macbeth as the title of the article. I also think this quote is perfect for addressing the paradox society faces today as people are now more environmentally aware. Being environmental has become a very important issue lately yet people still want to keep their comfortable and convenient (also extremely energy-consuming) way of life. It seems impossible for being environmental and keeping our current way of life to coexist, yet people want to believe it is possible and therefore “fair is foul, and foul is fair.”
    I love the allusion Joyce found from Harry Potter. It’s interesting to think that such a popular series today would be able to use and apply a quote from a classical and extremely popular play from a long time ago. It just goes to show how literary can step beyond the gaps of time. I think the quote applies very well to the circumstances and context in which it was used in the song in Harry Potter. Kudos to Joyce for the wonderful allusion she found!

  16. It seems that it's quite common for people to just throw the most notable quotes from Macbeth and fit it with something they're talking about. I mean, there's the reference to "There's daggers in men's smiles" from an article from the Marxist website (http://www.marxist.com/alan-woods-launches-reformism-revolution-barcelona.htm) [not for the politically close-minded]

    The author explicitly states that the quote is intended to reflect the capitalist's (or bourgeois's, if you're a Marxist yourself) external show of kindness toward Venezuela President Hugo Chávez. Apparently Chavez is not in favor of the Third Way (centrist view), and so there's this debate about whether to plan the Venezuelan economy (socialist) or to develop a free market (capitalist). But that's going into convoluted politics, and then some.

    Other than political writing (here's another one: http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2010\03\28\story_28-3-2010_pg3_1
    This one talks about the Pakistani government, and it refers to the 'Fair is foul, and foul is fair' quote)
    there's also a reference to 'tomorrow, tomorrow, and tomorrow' in The Economist (Asia) that talks about traffic jams. Huge traffic jams, ones that last for nine days. And according to the article, the situation's going to get worse.

    Apparently, some political cartoonists have also taken up Macbeth as a basis for their comics. But that's already too much from me.

    Darn Wilb, you took that RSC vid already. Looks like I can't show it anymore. XD But fret not! Apparently the people at Flocabulary (a company that produces hip-hop music related to vocabulary and other school-related stuff) did their take of Macbeth. Surprisingly, it uses a lot of the quotes from the original book. I was surprised: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E4cMHnWIR9k

    And, lastly, I don't know if this counts as an allusion. In the video game Dragon Age: Origins, there's this character that's very significant in the beginning: a knight named Duncan. He's the leader of the (basically) good guys, but he gets killed in a battle because the antagonist intentionally withheld his army (strategically important reinforcement) from entering the battle. The Antagonist, in the turmoil of the power vacuum created by the death of Duncan, the antagonist rose to power and was crowned king. The player was initially conscripted into Duncan's elite force and was the only one to survive the battle Duncan died in (other than the antagonist's army). The player then travels around the continent, and eventually dethrones the antagonist.

    Who knew Macbeth influences every aspects of our culture, from literature to plays, sketch comedies to video games?

  17. Hey guys!

    I found out that one of my favorite TV shows of all times "Gilmore Girls" actually quotes Macbeth in one of its episodes. In episode 13 of season 1, titled "Concert Interruptus", Rory, the main character of the show who was a high schooler at the time, quotes the witches and says, "Double, double, toil, and trouble" and also, "With the pricking of my thumb, something wicked this way comes".

    I am not going to analyze the usage of these allusions to Macbeth in "Gilmore Girls" right now (since I am currently studying physics), but I just wanted to post up what I had found since I found it fascinating that pop culture would allude to the classics as well.

  18. Hey ya'll.
    I found out that the book Nevermore by Neil Gaiman had an allusion to Macbeth. Or actually it was more like I read Macbeth and realized the allusion was there.


    So basically, Richard is about to go through this Ordeal, and he says to the monk leading him, "Lead on Macduff" and steps through the big metal doorway. The monk in turn, turns to his apprentice and says, "I do believe it was, 'lay on, Macduff.'" This remark is darkly funny because Richard is almost certainly going to die, and the monks there are commenting on the lapse in richard's memory. And that was why richard pulled a Macbeth, because at that point he'd pretty much accepted death as something inevitable and the monk was as good as killing him. In macbeth the quote is a sort of desperate "get the hell on with it, I'm finished" sort of thing, and the quote was used pretty appropriately in Gaiman's novel. And Richard was gearing to have his last words be funny I suppose. He was that kind of guy.

    Joyce's find is awesome. I've reread Harry Potter many many times, but I've never caught any allusions to shakespeare until joyce pointed that out. It's a pretty appropriate book to be putting such things in, and I'm sure Shakespeare would have been pleased to know about the tie in. Only, I hate to imagine all the other shakespeare stuff I've missed through the years because of my greenness in regards to his plays and stories.

  19. http://www.helium.com/items/1498262-michael-jackson-michael-jacksons-death

    In this article, the author uses a quote from Macbeth about life and the breifty of it to further expand upon michael Jackson's death.

    "And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
    The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
    Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
    That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
    And then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury...."

    The quote refers to Michael's tragic and briefty of life that the author expresses. Like Macbeth has mentioned, the life is like a player or actor that shines in the hours and like a brief candle dies out very quickly. This is a good allusion to Michael's death of a celebrety who is like a candle but died out at a young age. The author talks about the sadness of a well-known man who is soon forget by the audience. The author feels that the death of Michael Jackson is analogous to the death that Macbeth protrays. It takes much time and effort to get to a position like that of a king yet that life is much like a poor actor who dies out quickly.

    Contrary to Macbeth's ending of soliloquy, michael's death is very significant rather than "signifying nothing."

    @Joyce: I never noticed that that song has an allusion to Macbeth and the witches. After your explaination, the song makes much more sense. Now that I know the song is alluded to Macbeth it gives me more appreciation of the song in its meaning of magic!

    @Emily: I think this is a perfect use of the quote "fair is foul and foul is fair" as the article argues about issues of uncertainty. The people do want to live in a green environment, yet at the same time wants to keep the old lifestyle. No more can be said about the paradoxical idea of "clean coal" and the way people wants to reserve the old style of living despite being aware of the environmental crisis.

  20. Macbeth:
    To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
    Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
    To the last syllable of recorded time;
    And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
    The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
    Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player,
    That struts and frets his hour upon the stage,
    And then is heard no more. It is a tale
    Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
    Signifying nothing.

    URL: http://able2know.org/topic/24218-1

    This quote draws from Macbeth as the King mourns over the death of his friend and his wife. William Faulkner wrote the novel entitled The Sound and the Fury alluding to Macbeth. The significance of this quote is the characterization of Macbeth. He not only realizes his wife is long gone, but he also realizes is apathy toward her death. He sees life as a continuous illusion day in day out with no end to it but death. William Faulkner uses this quote in through the style of his book: the stream of consciousness. He draws from this quote trying to say this book is a notion of a “tale told by an idiot,” in this case, Benjy. The whole novel depicts signs of idiocy through characterization; however what Faulkner was trying to convey was the notion of writing styles. Writing should be a process that the author pours his or her heart out; hence, with the absence of an author’s true ideas and heart, writing simply “signifies nothing.”

    @Fiona: You are spot on in your analysis explaining how the people's tendency for idiocy and depression. Faulkner is trying to convey how meaningless life is through the allusion of Macbeth. Tomorrow, tomorrow, days just keep coming without substance, and we are unaware of how life would always depressingly end with death. I suggest its all about mindset, just as most things are. If one sees life as a meaningless crap hole, than certainly, it will be...vice versa

    @Emily: I agree. human behavior in the modern world exemplify "Fair is foul, foul is fair." Many people appear to be this, but they are actually that. Many conceal their true emotions within the nebula of words and traditions. We should practice to be true to others and true to yourself.

  21. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,938469,00.html

    I came across this TIME article dated back to March 6, 1964 discussing censorship. The article’s title directly alludes to one of Lady Macbeth’s most famous lines “Out, damned spot!” from Act 5 Scene 1. The article is discusses office taboos that the readers do not know about. Different news sources, such as the Chicago Daily News and The Atlanta Journal, are used to contrast the different degrees of censorship. The article also mentions how the Scandinavian Airlines System submitted to the Times in the past a full-page ad that had already appeared in other newspapers and magazines but contained a sensitive picture. Before running the ad, the Times had to scrupulously amend the blonde’s anatomy in order to conform to certain regulations.

    This famous quote from Macbeth is incorporated into the article by perceiving the spots as areas in media where the audience should not be directly exposed to. However, a connection can still be made between the spots that Lady Macbeth referred to in Shakespeare’s play and the “spots” used in the TIME article. Lady Macbeth’s spots create feelings of guilt and uneasiness, which can also be seen as feelings generated if such censored areas were made public to the audience.

    The inappropriate areas are seen as dirty spots that the author or TIME magazine believes should be kept away from the public.

    TO Joyce:
    Wow! I never made that connection! Now that I re-watch that part of the movie, I feel like I have developed an even greater understanding for the plotline. This insight makes the movie even more meaningful in that we are able to catch the minor details that I believe many people do not catch the first time around. This quote fits perfectly with the plotline of the third HP movie! Now that you point out this allusion, I realize the great similarity between the setting that the witches appear in (in Macbeth) and the setting that is present when the dark lord is mentioned in HP. Great allusion!!

  22. After reading a lot of peoples posts and comments, i found out most people did a song or a poem. I got my Macbeth allusion idea from Wilbur. I thought it was pretty awesome that someone could incorporate Macbeth allusions in his or her movie. Therefore, i found Throne of Blood (1957).


    What struck me was that Throne of Blood follows a lot of Macbeth scenarios in the same exact order. It follows the whole ideology of a prophecy and how it became true through following his wife's command. For the lack of a better website, i thought Wiki really showed the direct correlation between characters.


    Under cast, it shows which character is equivalent to which character in Macbeth. What struck me really was it takes place in Japan and not the westernized world. Just by looking at old and previous movies from the East and the West, people can directly see a huge difference in just the content, plot, and characters of it. Therefore by turning a Westernized play into a modern day Japanese movie, i thought this was a pretty interesting piece.

    Hahahaha. To find a quote in a song in Harry Potter about Macbeth is really something. I have no idea how or where you would start to connect your favorite movie to your English class play, Macbeth. Therefore a big thumbs up to you Joyce. However, i wonder if the other Harry Potter novels/series have more Shakespeare or Macbeth references to them.

    From what i remembered about Robert Frost, he was a very emotional and depressed poet/author. I remember him writing a lot about sadness and death. His particular usage of the Macbeth quote fit in brilliantly. It fitted in so perfectly that, it sort of seems like he wrote the poem based on the allusions rather than he wrote a poem and thought the allusion of Macbeth fit well.

  23. http://www.agathachristie.com/story-explorer/stories/by-the-pricking-of-my-thumbs/

    I found a book by Agatha Christie called "By the Pricking of My Thumbs." Agatha Christie, just like William Shakespeare, is a best-selling author, so I was really interested in finding out how she alluded to Shakespeare. The book's title, "By the Pricking of My Thumbs," takes this line from Macbeth in Act 4, Scene 1:

    "SECOND WITCH: By the pricking of my thumbs,

    Something wicked this way comes.
    Open locks,

    Whoever knocks!"

    This is a detective fiction novel in which a resident in a nursing home starts to ramble strangely about "your poor child" and "something behind the fireplace." Tommy and his wife Tuppence, in their sixties, decide to go through an investigation about this, which ultimately leads them to some dangerous journeys, including a confrontation with a child murderer. Christie uses the quote "by the pricking of my thumbs" to set up the dark mood of the book, as the the rest of the quote is "something wicked this way comes." Even without the second part of the quote, "by the pricking of my thumbs" provides the readers with a strange a feeling - a feeling that leads one to want to know more. I like how Christie decides to use the first part of the quote instead of the second part of the quote, because if the title of the novel were "Something wicked this way comes," then the plot of the novel would be too obvious. By using the first half of the quote, Christie successfully leads the readers with a cliffhanger, no matter if they acknowledge the title's allusion to Macbeth or not. Most people could imagine what "pricking of the thumb" means.

    The words are originally spoken by the Second Witch in Act 4 Scene 1. This scene is the second scene with the witches, the first one being the moment in which they accosted Macbeth with their prophecies. In Act 4 Scene 1, Macbeth is the one who seeks for the witches. He has slowly become more evil, as he insists on the accuracies of the prophecies and justifies his choices and murders by claiming everything was his "fate." "By the pricking of my thumbs, something wicked this way comes" has been put to the new purpose in that it adds suspense to the detective novel, because the readers have no idea what wicked thing awaits them.

    To Michael:
    I think it's really interesting how you have connected two of the authors that we've studied so far together, with the title of Huxley's book alluding to Macbeth. It is interesting how the characters in Brief Candles suffered emotionally, as Macbeth himself undergoes many mental sufferings throughout the play.

    To Josh:
    That's a really great example of modern day individuals quoting Macbeth! After your example, I feel like in reality many things in our lives may be quoting Shakespeare. This makes me realize that even though Shakespeare's works were written long ago, his ideas still apply to modern day occurrences as they contain universal truths. Even though the plotlines and stories of Shakespeare may seem unrealistic to us, but in actuality the lines and words that the characters speak may be true to this day. Michael Jackson, just like Macbeth, was once admired by many, but then had an unfortunate death. Their lives were probably ended earlier than they had imagined.

  24. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voodoo_Macbeth

    Though this is play is a complete re-adaption of Macbeth, I think this production directed by Orson Welles is really worth getting to know. By setting the Scottish play on a fictional Caribbean island instead of Scotland, and by replacing Duncan with an allusion to the emperor Henri Christophe, the entire play is transformed into one similar but of different nature to that of Macbeth. Most of all the actors were African American, and though set on a Caribbean island the play actually alludes to 19th century Haiti. Two very interesting things I noticed was how the director managed to increase the roles of Hectate to expand on the overarching idea of this production -- the queen of all witches -- and the way the director replaced witchcraft with voodoo in the play. This really shows how Macbeth is as much now as it was then in the 1930s a very universal aspect of society; even with a completely different setting the play still is somehow able to bring out a different aspect of hugely different societies. Macbeth is now a cross-cultural piece, and perhaps it is due to its ability to provide a very adequate reflection of people across the board.

    @Joyce: I have to agree completely with Ken on this regard. Not being able to understand the allusions to Shakespeare really subtract from the whole experience, and I guess in this case it's especially apt in describing the Harry Potter scenario. For instance, until this point the choir didn't really add any special significance to my understanding of the book -- you really just miss a lot of things when you try to interpret the story (and I never noticed the toads!)

    @Wilbur: That was hilarious, and for some reason it captures much of the plot in the two minutes the crew stood on stage -- it's really interesting how different mediums really produce very different work, and it really all gets down to interpretation. Macbeth can be really intense when done one way, and just utterly hilarious the next -- and I'm not really sure which one I prefer. :P

  25. http://www.televisionheaven.co.uk/allour.htm

    All Our Yesterdays, a British documentary series that ran weekly from 1960 to 1973 and from 1978 to 1989, presented snippets of newsreel shown in cinemas 25 years ago that week. The title of this series alludes to Macbeth’s soliloquy in Act 5 Scene 5, after Lady Macbeth’s death:
    “She should have died hereafter;
    There would have been a time for such a word—
    Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
    Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
    To the last syllable of recorded time;
    And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
    The way to dusty death.”

    All Our Yesterdays concentrated on exhibiting rather politically heavy subjects, such as wartime footage and a propaganda film of a Nazi rally named, “Hoch der Lambeth Valk.” The series’ allusion to Macbeth’s line is one that speaks to the past, one that wishes to examine what has happened politically and socially in the years preceding World War II and other times of unrest and disturbance. As the site says, at the end of its run, All Our Yesterdays looked at the post-war atmosphere—one that produced social discomfort and austere times. In Macbeth, these same words are used to a different purpose in that Macbeth laments the passing of meaningless time (“Creeps in this petty pace from day to day”) and stresses the emptiness of days gone by (“And all our yesterdays have lighted fools/The way to dusty death”). The television series seems to focus on how the past has affected present-day trends in society and universal attitudes toward certain aspects. Instead of hating “yesterdays,” or, all the days that are lived and experienced—like Macbeth does—this television programs faces and exposes many yesterdays, and links them to today.

    To Angela: I really see how the public is always subject to limited information and knowledge about censored things—“spots” definitely exist today. People don’t have access to everything that they may or may not know about, and I like how you linked this to Lady Macbeth’s feelings of guilt and uneasiness: she cannot wash the spots off her hands, and can’t expose those spots to the public, either. “Censorship” drives her mad in the end.

  26. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090108150857.htm
    In Shakespeare's play, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth exhibit many different psychological disorders: schizophrenia, paranoia, and insomnia.
    This article introduces a new finding of the causation between paranoia and insomnia, using Macbeth as an additional "flavor" to the boring scientific stuff. Though the author took literal meanings of Macbeth's quotes, he clearly illustrates the link between paranoia and insomnia without much scientific content. This allusion is particularily convenient to authors who are writing to an audience who not necessarily have enough background of the topic to understand fully the mechanisms but have, at least, the exposure to Shakespeare's plays. The audiences, thus, can quickly grasp complex scientific ideas (though tnot that complex in this article). Because the author makes a clear tie between this less well-known scientific finding with a well known play, the audience can remember clearly that Macbeth's paranoia and insomnia and this new scientific discovery are all related. This particular allusion, in a sense also serve as a memory aid.
    In addition, because Macbeth is a famous play, it also serves as an advertisement for the article if it is included in the title.


    I am desparate to be original, so I went to youtube and typed in "commercial macbeth" (Yes, that is very original). I found out that a shoe shop is named after Macbeth, but I have no idea why it's named after Shakespeare's famous play. (Wait, or is it that I'm too detached from the world *cough* that I have never heard of a shoe shop named Macbeth until now?) Apparently, people do not provide the histories of shoe shops most of the time. By the way, the ads are just weird; they have nothing to do with Macbeth. (At least, not that I know of.) O_o

    One of my favorite scenes is the porter scene in which the porter pretends to be the gate keeper of hell. I guess that's where all the knock-knock jokes come from. XD

  27. I was actually pleasantly surprised when I saw this:


    Short synopsis of film:
    The movie is adapted from the comic the same name by Alan Moore, which is set in a near-future dystopian British society ruled by a totalitarian government called Norsefire. It is about V, a freedom fighter seeking change in the oppressive society while pursuing his own personal vendetta, and Evey Hammond, a young woman who was initially saved by V when the secret police tried to rape her (she later becomes his accomplice in blowing up the Parliament). In the movie, almost everything having to do with religion, literature, and the like are prohibited by the ultraconservative government.

    In V for Vendetta, V quotes the following quotes from Macbeth:

    Quote One: “The multiplying villainies of nature do swarm upon him…disdaining fortune/with his brandish'd steel, which smoked with bloody execution...?” (Act I, Scene 2)

    Originally this quote was used by the Captain to describe Macbeth’s fearlessness on the battlefield, chopping up people and killing them without mercy. In the context of the movie though, V says this quote as he slashes out at the policemen trying to rape Evey. ‘The multiplying villainies of nature’ then refer to the policemen, and ‘swarm upon him’ refer to their attempted rape of Evey; of course, that means the ‘disdaining fortune…’ part refers to himself, the man who has come to interrupt the crime by killing the policemen.

  28. Part II...apparently my word count is big for some inexplicable reason. O.o

    Quote Two: "I dare do all that may become a man; Who dares do more is none." (Act I, Scene 7)

    In the original context of the Macbeth quote, Lady Macbeth had just asked Macbeth implicitly if he was a man because she thought that he was too 'feeling' and couldn't conjure up the courage to kill Duncan. Macbeth replies with the quote, telling her to hold her peace because he is only “daring to do what any man would do, and that men who dare to do more are not men at all”, and then proceeded to be persuaded into taking the plan into action.

    When V says it in the film, though, he twists the meaning of the words a bit—he is saying that he dares to do what no other man can do, which is to fight against the government when nobody else is willing to stand up to the oppressors. He is the lone vigilante working against the totalitarian state.

    (Throughout the movie, V not only quotes Macbeth but also quotes other famous Shakespeare plays as well, such as Hamlet, Richard III and Twelfth Night.)

    @Joyce: Wow, that's a great find! I've never noticed that before...I almost always skipped chapters when I read Harry Potter for no reason whatsoever (yes, I suck). Like Joanne and Ken, it really does detract from the book when you don't even see the allusions until years later in another class you realize, 'hey, I've seen this before somewhere!' Now I'm starting to wonder if every other Harry Potter book has references to Shakespeare...I wouldn't really be surprised if they do.

    @Ken: I REMEMBER THAT QUOTE. That's all I really have to say about it because I had no clue where it came from the time I read it...but now I do. xD;

    But it also is making me wonder that apart from Harry Potter, does every single British writer refer to Shakespeare in some way? Because it sure does seem to be the case up to this point. @_@

  29. Haha, guys! Just a quick thing to clear up: The Hogwarts Choir (also called the Frog Choir xD) does not appear in the books (though now I wonder if Rowling does slip in some Shakespeare allusions in her books! But now's not the time to check ;)). The choir was something the film producers? decided to add in the 3rd film and they have kept it the following movies ever since (did a brief search for the appearances in the other movies, but I couldn't find any more allusions). For PoA, composer John Williams thought the choir and their "Double Trouble" song would be a "warm welcome back to Hogwarts." (haha, really? now that we're paying close attention to what they're singing)

    And not only do they hold toads, but they also hold ravens!

    And OMG I can't believe I forgot about this one. The Weird Sisters, a band in the Wizarding World, is also a reference to our weird witches in Macbeth. No wonder I thought the term "weird witches" looked familiar when I was reading Macbeth!
    As a side note, I'd like to introduce the play/movie Macbird. Search for it on Wikipedia. ;)

  30. A recap of what I posted yesterday: Rory from "Gilmore Girls" quotes the witches in Macbeth twice in the episode "Concert Interruptus".

    Here is a link to all the memorable quote of that episode which contains both of the witches' quote: http://www.tv.com/gilmore-girls/concert-interruptus/episode/6566/trivia.html

    And here is the link to watch the episode on megavideo: http://www.megavideo.com/?v=ZVNGXR3A

    What happens in the episode is that Rory has to do a class debate with three other clasmates Madelines, Paris, and Louise whom she really does not like because they are really snobby, annoying, and mischievious (evil in their own teenage way). Thus, when Rory complains to her friend Lane about having to work with them, she uses the quotes "Double, doublt, toil, and trouble" and "With the pricking of my finger, something wicked this way comes" to describe how mischievous and annoying these girls are--that the project will be a disaster.

    THe first quote is used to characterize the girls as witches. Even though Rory is the one who says them, right before she says this, Lane asks, "All three of them?", showing that Rory is alluding the girls' personalities to that of the witches--somewhat evil and mischievous, morally ambiguous (the way that the girls like to drink and party, which is immoral in Rory's eyes and illegal in the law's--the drinking part, that is), and spontanous and kind of crazy (the witches were very weird and non-human in everything they said and did, which one would label crazy or extremely different in context to the rest of the world). It not only conveys what Rory thinks of the girls--trouble-makers like witches--the word "trouble" in the quote also foreshadows that something bad is going to happen. When the witches say this quote in Macbeth, they were planning something bad for Macbeth--under Hecate's orders, they were going to increase the hallucinations Macbeth was seeing to drive him insane. Similarly, in "Girlmore Girls", the girls do cause big trouble later on--they run off during a concert that Rory's mom takes them to in order to hang out with two male strangers at a party with alcohol--so it is perfectly fit that Rory would characterize them as evil (because she does not like them, and being teenagers, we feel like what we do not like someone, that person is the worst person in the world, so in characterzing the girls as the witches from Macbeth, Rory also shows how much of a teenager she really is and conveys her dislike of them trouble-makers.

  31. As for the second quote, Rory is saying it as if she were the second witch who says this in Macbeth. The second witch says this when she feels Macbeth approaching; similary, Rory says this when she thinks of the girls coming over to her house to work. In both cases, trouble is being foreseen and warned. For Rory, the wicked that is coming is the girls coming over and problably complaining about Rory's little house (the other girls are much richer compare to her) and just being really mean and snobby--once again emphasizing that like all teenagers, Rory takes humiliation and embarrassment very seriously, like something wicked. Furthermore, the wicked thing also foreshadows the trouble the girls later get into--ditching the concert and drinking which makes Rory's mom very worried and mad. This is A LOT like what happens in Macbeth because when the second witch said the quote, she was only saying that Macbeth is the wicked person because he would kill Duncan--I actually also interpreted the quote as a reference to the evil deed of killing Duncan that will be ocmmitted, not that much referring to Macbeth as much as the evil deed he will perform. However, the quote can also be foreshadowing the far greater wicked things that happen after Macbeth kills Duncan: the killing of Banquos, Macduff's family, and ultimately, the war in the nation. Likewise, in "Gilmore Girls", the quote first refers to the girls as being the troubles themselves with their evil and annoying personalities in Rory's eyes. Furthermore, however, it also foreshadows a greater trouble that they later get into in the show.

    All in all, both quotes are really used to characterize the girls as wicked witches who are mischievous and annoying. In alluding to Macbeth, the show producers really use people's knowledge of the witches in Macbeth to emphasize just how EVIL these girls are in Rory's perspective. Yet, as a side note, the reference to Macbeth may also help to soften the label of "witches" on the girls. The witches in Macbeth were not exactly evil--just mischievous and spontaneous. This is just like the girls in "Gilmore Girls"; they are not evil--Rory becomes friends with them later on in the season--but just mischievous, spontanous, and untamed (like the witches and like normal teenagers).

    I found it interesting how the girls get into trouble with Rory's mom who really trusted them and wanted them to have a good time at the concert because in a way, this emphasizes on the same betrayal of trust that characterizes Macbeth as a character.

  32. One last thing that I find really interesting (I seem to find A LOT of things interesting haha) is that the quote "something wicked this way comes" is OH-SO POPULAR in the English speaking community. Many TV shows such as "Charmed", "Ugly Betty", etc. have used the quote as the title for one of their episodes--whether exactly as written by Shakespeare or changed so that it would contain a pun (for "Charmed", the first episode was titled "Something Wiccan This Way Comes"). This means that everyong in the English speaking community really sees and acknowledges the strength and power of this quote: it really emphasizes and foreshadows the wicked and evil that is to come since what happens in Macbeth was so twisted and evil. So, this quote alone has become a symbol of foreshadowing great evil.

    Now, looking at everyone else's allusions, I really liked Joyce's Harry Potter 3 link. I saw this a couple of days ago when she posted it up, and it totally changed what I thought of the movie. I rewatched the movie during the weekend because it was on TV and saw the choir scene. Like I said earlier, the phrase "something wicked this way comes" has become the perfect foreshadowing for great evil, and it is so evident in your example, Joyce. Being a Harry Potter fan myself, this realization of Macbeth in Harry Potter (even if it is just the movie) really increases the suspense in the film and works with the rest of the storyline to really emphasize how much danger Harry was it--there is a killer out there to get him and the killer is DEADLY.

    I think I agree with everything you have analyzed because I really do see how the traitor theme is evident in both Harry Potter and Macbeth; the film makers really play on the whole Macbeth theme to make people who have not read the book believe that Sirius was the traitor (after all, if Macbeth, the brave and loyal thane, can betray his king, so can a man his best friends). Even though I think that it MIGHT be taking it a bit far, I really like what you said about Fleance escaping being a parallel to Harry escaping because when we think about it, they both escape to come back in the future and bring to doom the people who wanted to kill them. This is not explicltly stated in Macbeth, but it is prophesized--and all prophesies by the witcehs in Macbeth come true--that Banquos children will be kings and to Macbeth, this would have been his doom which was why he wanted to kill Banquos and Fleance. Similarly, in Harry Potter 3, viewers do not know whether or not Harry will kill Lord Voldemort in the end, but we have faith that he will. And with Harry's escape from death, he ultimately comes back--becomes a great wizard enough--to defeat Lord Voldemort once and for all.

    In response to what Annie found, I really think that Frost uses what readers know of Macbeth to emphasize just how meaningless and insignificant life is. Like you said about how in the poem the people do not really care about the death of one of their family members, in Macbeth, Macbeth utters the line about the candles right after he finds out the death of Lady Macbeth, even saying that she was eventually going to die (not really caring about it). In this way, Frost uses Macbeth's indifference, his convinction that life is meaningless, and the common readers' understanding that Macbeth's life was meaningless at the time that he utters this quote because even as king, he has no one that loves him and no family (which makes life really meaningless)to emphasize that life is meaningless in his own poem. :)

  33. http://www.stjohns-chs.org/english/gothic/works/Rm-dracula.html

    DRACULA! Another horrifying piece of work. There are so many allusions to this novel, namely because of all the excessive blood. Shakespeare, like Stoker, comments on how humans have this innate evil that comes out when nothing attempts to surpress it. Dracula also shows that humans can be violent with no moral strings attached, just like Macbeth's downward spiral into tyranny and gore. Both show how empty human nature is: life has no meaning.
    Furthermore, the character Lucy in Dracula seems to have a lot of parallels with Lady Macbeth. Although sexuality is more of a power play in Macbeth, it has great importance in Dracula which plays on the undignified aspects of sexuality. There is a sleepwalking scene in Dracula which is an obvious allusion to Macbeth's scene when Lady Macbeth sleepwalks.
    Also, there are three vampires in Dracula that are very much like the three witches in Macbeth: they take away the protagonist's (or is it antagonist?) free will and replace it with so called "fate," even though it is really through the character's own decisions and choices that his demise comes true.

    I also found another link, that I'm sure that everyone probably stumbled across:

    I never knew so many books, plays, stories, etc. could take titles from a SINGLE piece of literature. And most of these titles have been repeated for different books, sometimes even more than ten times. This, I think, shows more about the playwright than Macbeth itself: Shakespeare used such rich language that it has been permanently engraved in the study of the English language. Some of the books have absolutely NOTHING to do with Macbeth and merely use the words as a sort of cheesy introduction to a boring historical factbook. I think this just goes to show how amazingly Shakespeare chooses his words--just the right amount of meaning, not too cliche (though, in modern writing, using too much Shakespeare without cause is pretty cliched), yet not dry.

    In response to Joyce's "Macbird" thing... HAHA! This is really a modern day embodiment of Macbeth's political assassination, playing on American history (though not completely true) with the Macbeth story. Perhaps it is merely the coincidence that we happen to be doing our election project at the same time as Macbeth, but this is perfect. I'd love to see this in real life.

    And Wilbur: REDUCED SHAKESPEARE COMPANY IS MY LOVE. :) A two hour play for all of Shakespeare's plays? What's not to love? Although the Macbeth part was short, having read the play countless times, I love how they can get the gist of the play in around... 10 lines? It is very surface-level thinking, but it is a great satirical play and everyone should watch or read it.

  34. http://nigerianbulletin.com/2010/10/11/three-heroic-children-wins-indomie-heroes-award/

    This is a news article taken from Nigerian Bulletin about three courageous children being awarded and applauded for their extraordinary courage and determination in difficult situations. The phrase “milk of human kindness” is used in this article to describe the way in which these young people have celebrated qualities that make them a blessing to the future of Nigeria, and that the courageous acts are identified as to inspire other children to be selfless and brave. The usage in this article differs from that of Macbeth because it was originally spoken by Lady Macbeth to criticize Macbeth for not being manly or determined enough to kill King Duncan. Instead, it is used in a positive way in this article to describe the good deeds of these remarkable Nigerian children.

    I really liked what Joyce had found about HP3. I most likely would not have noticed this allusion if I had not read Macbeth or been enlightened and directed to this aspect of the movie. I am more inclined to think that old literature, as much as it is celebrated and appreciated, has little connection to modern life or pop culture. But I was mistaken because the world renowned HP series has also adopted Shakespeare in a subtle yet fitting way.=)

  35. I found out that one of my favorite writers of all time, Ray Bradbury, used the line "Something Wicked This Way Comes" as the title for one of his books. In case you aren't sure who this is, Bradbury is the author of the famous book Fahrenheit 451.

    The story of "Something Wicked This Way Comes" is roughly about two boys that are trapped by this interesting carnival that has an evil carnival leader. This carnival leader traps people in his carnival to forever serve his carnival.

    The relationship between Macbeth and "Something Wicked This Way Comes" is rather obvious. Macbeth says the line when he is mentioning the three witches that are to arrive soon. The book's title is foreshadowing that something wicked is coming to the town the protagonists are living in. In addition, the plotline of Bradbury's book is rather fantasy/magic based, which further applies to the role of witchcraft in Macbeth. Lastly, the relationships among Macbeth, the two boys in Bradbury's novel, and witchcraft are rather similar. Macbeth goes to find the witches, but the "witchcraft" or the prophecy the witches made for him comes "chasing" after him. In "Something Wicked to This Way Comes," the two boys originally go looking for the carnival out of curiosity, but end up having the carnival chase after them so that the two boys will become trapped in the carnival system.

    I simply LOVE Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 -- if you haven't read it, read it!

    I loved Joyce's interesting discovery with Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. Not only because I am a huge, and I mean maniacal, Harry Potter fan to the point that I've read each of their books at least 10 times, but also because it shows me that the directors were indeed putting some thought into the films. To be honest, I was never satisfied with the Harry Potter films ever since Chris Columbus (first and second film's director) pulled out and let other directors take the job. I never got the feeling that the directors were putting their full effort to making the film an artistic invention rather than a box office hit. However, finding out that they've actually used allusions and such in the film makes me reconsider my opinion.

  36. http://www.barbarapaul.com/shake/macbeth.html
    I just found a list of the book and plays that have their titles from Macbeth, and I found this interesting one, which is The Moon Is Down by John Steinbeck and then later made into a movie.
    In Macbeth, “the moon is down” comes from act two, scene one, when Banquo asks Fleance for the time. However, in the movie, “the moon is down” is used as a symbolism for the Norwegians who have held their resistance in the dark. The theme of the movie concurs with the theme of Macbeth; the will of the people cannot be suppressed by violence. “The moon is down” in both terms can be used as a description for the evil or the darkness in general.
    Personally, I like Joyce’s link about Harry Potter’s Hogwarts Choir. Harry Potter has been such a huge part of most of our lives (if you’re a fan, that is), so knowing that Macbeth is a part it is quite surprising and interesting. It also shows how the quotes from Macbeth interact with the plot. In a sense, the lyrics serve as a prophecy to the story of Harry Potter, just as Joyce’s summary has shown that the two correspond to each other.